Cell Structure and Function Test Review Outline

Cell Structure and Function Overview
A. Size
B. Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes
1. All Cells
a. plasma membrane
b. ribosome
c. DNA
2. Prokaryotic Cells
3. Eukaryotic Cells
a. Nucleus
(1) nucleolus
(2) nuclear membrane
b. ER
(1) smooth endoplasmic reticulum
(2) rough endoplasmic reticulum
c. Golgi Apparatus
d. Lysosome
e. Vacuoles
f. Chloroplast
g. Mitochondria
h. Cytoskeleton
i. Cilia and Flagella

How Big are Cells?

Cell Size and Scale
Size of the Universe

Structures Found in All Cells

Plasma Membrane(cell membrane) Controls what goes into and out of cells. Structure = primarily a phospholipid bilayer infused with proteins

Ribosome-Responsible for building proteins. Structure = 2/3 RNA , 1/3 Protein

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)- Contains genetic information to build and control cells. Structure =

Two Types of Cells

Prokaryotic Cells

Cell Structure Animation
Differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Bacteria in your Body
Bacteria Cell Cam
The story of Paul the Prokaryote

Eukaryotic Cells
Virtual Tour of the Eukaryotic Cell

The Nucleus -control center of the cell

biology for kids - the nucleus is the control center of the cell

The Nucleolus (found in the nucleus)

The nuclear membrane (also called the nuclear envelope)

The Endoplasmic Reticulum

Rough ER song

Golgi Apparatus(a.k.a. golgi body or golgi complex)

biology for kids - golgi apparatus


biology for kids - lysosome

Vacuole- have several functions including storage and removal of waste

Chloroplast-location of photosynthesis

biology for kids - chloroplast